Why Do Peace Agreements Hold or Fail


Peace agreements are vital in resolving conflicts between parties. They are intended to be binding documents that establish conditions for ceasefire and advance reconciliation among conflicting groups. However, peace agreements do not guarantee everlasting peace, as they can either hold or fail. This article will discuss why peace agreements hold or fail.

One critical factor that influences the success or failure of peace agreements is the level of inclusivity. The absence of inclusivity or the presence of partiality can undermine the legitimacy of a peace agreement. Parties involved in conflict may feel marginalized and excluded, which can lead to the resurgence of violence. Inclusivity involves the participation of all relevant stakeholders, including the grassroots, civil society, women, and youth, among others.

Another crucial factor that determines whether peace agreements hold or not is the level of trust between conflicting parties. Parties to a peace agreement must trust each other to uphold their commitments and fulfill their obligations. Trust-building measures, such as confidence-building meetings, humanitarian gestures, and the disarmament process, can help in building trust between conflicting parties.

Furthermore, the implementation of a peace agreement is another critical factor that determines its success or failure. Peace agreements often fail when parties involved fail to adhere to the terms and conditions of the agreement. Failure to implement the agreement`s provisions can erode trust and lead to the resumption of hostilities. The international community can play a vital role in ensuring that peace agreements are implemented by providing support, monitoring, and enforcing the agreement`s provisions.

In conclusion, peace agreements can either hold or fail, depending on several factors, including inclusivity, trust-building measures, and implementation. Parties involved in conflict must recognize the importance of these factors in ensuring that peace agreements hold and advance reconciliation. With proper implementation, peace agreements have the potential to transform conflict-ridden societies into stable and prosperous communities.